Using CheatSheets To Apply Best Practices

Cheatsheet: IP Virtual Service – IPVS

Cheatsheet: IP Virtual Service – IPVS

1.1 ipvsadm

Name Command
List IPVS services sudo ipvsadm -l -n
Set up a new IPVS service sudo ipvsadm -A -t -s rr
Change scheduling mode to Round Robin sudo ipvsadm -E -t -s rr
Change scheduling mode to Weighted Round Robin sudo ipvsadm -E -t -s wrr
Delete virtual service sudo ipvsadm -d -t -r
Delete real server sudo ipvsadm -D -t
Show stats sudo ipvsadm -L -n --stats --rate
Clear the whole table sudo ipvsadm -C
Reference Link: A minimal IPVS Load Balancer demo

1.2 ipvsadm Online Help

user@dennyzhang:~$ sudo ipvsadm --help
ipvsadm v1.28 2015/02/09 (compiled with popt and IPVS v1.2.1)
  ipvsadm -A|E virtual-service [-s scheduler] [-p [timeout]] [-M netmask] [--pe persistence_engine] [-b sched-flags]
  ipvsadm -D virtual-service
  ipvsadm -C
  ipvsadm -R
  ipvsadm -S [-n]
  ipvsadm -a|e virtual-service -r server-address [options]
  ipvsadm -d virtual-service -r server-address
  ipvsadm -L|l [virtual-service] [options]
  ipvsadm -Z [virtual-service]
  ipvsadm --set tcp tcpfin udp
  ipvsadm --start-daemon state [--mcast-interface interface] [--syncid sid]
  ipvsadm --stop-daemon state
  ipvsadm -h

Either long or short options are allowed.
  --add-service     -A        add virtual service with options
  --edit-service    -E        edit virtual service with options
  --delete-service  -D        delete virtual service
  --clear           -C        clear the whole table
  --restore         -R        restore rules from stdin
  --save            -S        save rules to stdout
  --add-server      -a        add real server with options
  --edit-server     -e        edit real server with options
  --delete-server   -d        delete real server
  --list            -L|-l     list the table
  --zero            -Z        zero counters in a service or all services
  --set tcp tcpfin udp        set connection timeout values
  --start-daemon              start connection sync daemon
  --stop-daemon               stop connection sync daemon
  --help            -h        display this help message

  --tcp-service|-t  service-address   service-address is host[:port]
  --udp-service|-u  service-address   service-address is host[:port]
  --sctp-service    service-address   service-address is host[:port]
  --fwmark-service|-f fwmark          fwmark is an integer greater than zero

  --ipv6         -6                   fwmark entry uses IPv6
  --scheduler    -s scheduler         one of rr|wrr|lc|wlc|lblc|lblcr|dh|sh|sed|nq,
                                      the default scheduler is wlc.
  --pe            engine              alternate persistence engine may be sip,
                                      not set by default.
  --persistent   -p [timeout]         persistent service
  --netmask      -M netmask           persistent granularity mask
  --real-server  -r server-address    server-address is host (and port)
  --gatewaying   -g                   gatewaying (direct routing) (default)
  --ipip         -i                   ipip encapsulation (tunneling)
  --masquerading -m                   masquerading (NAT)
  --weight       -w weight            capacity of real server
  --u-threshold  -x uthreshold        upper threshold of connections
  --l-threshold  -y lthreshold        lower threshold of connections
  --mcast-interface interface         multicast interface for connection sync
  --syncid sid                        syncid for connection sync (default=255)
  --connection   -c                   output of current IPVS connections
  --timeout                           output of timeout (tcp tcpfin udp)
  --daemon                            output of daemon information
  --stats                             output of statistics information
  --rate                              output of rate information
  --exact                             expand numbers (display exact values)
  --thresholds                        output of thresholds information
  --persistent-conn                   output of persistent connection info
  --nosort                            disable sorting output of service/server entries
  --sort                              does nothing, for backwards compatibility
  --ops          -o                   one-packet scheduling
  --numeric      -n                   numeric output of addresses and ports
  --sched-flags  -b flags             scheduler flags (comma-separated)

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